SKILLS MISMATCH Skills Mismatch 2: Science Technology Engineering and Math (STEM)


Visit the dedicated website here







Skills Mismatch is defined as the gap between an individual’s job skills

and the demands of the job market; it has become a central challenge for Europe,

affecting all layers of society, from the productivity and efficiency of businesses

to the current and prospective welfare of youth.


Every two years we research the Skills Mismatch in Europe, bringing our results

and recommendations to politicians, managers and decision makers.





Our research objectives are to:


  • Corroborate all relevant research on the topic to present a coherent analysis of the existing multiple definitions of STEM skills, personal and institutional variables that impact the choice of a STEM education, as well as the barriers to a smooth transition from education to employment.

  • Ask young Europeans how they perceive STEM education and why STEM is not their career of choice. Through the survey we also want to hear from them to what extent they master STEM skills and what they see as barriers to getting a job in this field.

  • Understand the employers’ perspective thoroughly to set a proper framework of inquiry. Equally important will be to compare the findings of the interviews with those of the survey and identify any mismatches in perception over this topic between the employers and young job seekers.


After consulting studies and literature of international institutions, there are several factors that could cause this disconnect between employers and young people. With our research, we aim to do the following:


  • Assess to what extent STEM students possess the STEM skills defined by the Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies andThinkYoung.

  • Learn about mobility choices of STEM graduates.

  • Learn about how mobility helps in STEM skills development.

  • Learn about career preferences of STEM graduates.

  • Learn about approach in job seeking of STEM graduates.

  • Analyse if STEM students choose to work in STEM careers.

  • Understand the stigma around STEM education and careers of non-STEM students.

  • Learn about interest on STEM skills






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